Therapeutic Factors

   Techirghiol benefits from the existence of special natural conditions, resulted from the presence of sanogen natural factors: the climate, the sapropelic mud, the chlorized-sodium-iodized water of the lake
Climate:
   The geographic placement of the city only 3 km away from the sea shore, in a region of dobrogean steppe region, determines the climate characteristics: continental temperate, steppe region with marine influences characterized by a average annual temperature of 11 degrees Celsius, 80% humidity of the air with almost permanent wind, with a speed of 4-5 m/s (especially between 11-17), the medium ionization of the air of 900 positive and negative ions / cm with slight positive prevalence. The climate in the techirghiol area is a marine-continental type and is due to the western circulation of the air overlapped by the Black Sea influence. Marine climate with hot summers (the average temperature in July surpasses 23 degrees C), with many sunny days (average of 25 days per month, with the sun shining 10-12 hours per day), mild winters with little snow (average temperature in January 0, 5 degrees Celsius) The average annual temperature is 11.2 degrees Celsius and the precipitations sum up to 400 mm yearly. The marine breeze is less felt as on the shore, in exchange the lake compensates with its breeze.

Therapeutic Factors specific to the Techirghiol Area:

1.The Climate marine steppe with warm summers, cold winters and big differences in pressure, strong and frequent winds fits the stimulating– tonic bio climate group. In winter and summer this climate has a powerful exciting action over the body, action reduced in spring and autumn.

The vicinity to the techirghiol lake is very important thus the ionization of the air, the richness in aerosols and the peloid resources from the bottom of the lake which enriches the natural therapeutic arsenal that the area possesses

2.The lake water rich in chlorine, sulfur, bromine, sodium, magnesium as well as hypertonic is used in applications as general cold baths (lake immersion) or warm baths (in bath tubs or pools)
  • Cold saline Bath or the immersion in the lake water is done progressively as duration (5-10 minutes in the first days up to 20-30 at the end of the cure) as well as number (one bath in the first 3-4 days up to 3-4 immersions at the end of the cure)
  • Hot saline bath can be prescribed and done daily as unique major hydro-therapy procedure or at two days alternating with mud application or with a general warm bath with plant extracts. The temperature at which the saline bath is prescribed is in the thermoneutral domain respectively around 37.5-38 degrees Celsius. For hidrokinetotherapy the water is heated at 35 degrees in the cool/ warm domain.


3.The mud is used for cold anointment , warm mud baths and hot packing.
  • The mud anointment is a therapeutic complex composed by the successive contrast between hot and cold and general heliotherapy applied progressively. The mud anointment is practiced in the summer season, on the special arranged beach. The number of mud aplications per day remains constant throughout the duration of the cure, only one per day.
  • General warm mud bath is done using 10 kg of mud diluted by 120-150 l of sodium chloride water from the lake. The applying temperature is 37-39 degrees Celsius; termalneutrality for mud is at 38 degrees Celsius. It lasts 20-25 minutes and the temperature is kept constant by adding hot water during the middle of the bath. After, the pacient takes a warm shower for mud removal and a short cold shower, to prevent systemic blood vessel expansion. The general mud bath is done once in two days, alternated by a salt bath (in the hydrotherapy pool ) or with plant extracts.
  • General warm wrapping is done using 10-15 kg of mud heated at 42-45 degrees C. The mud is spread on the surface of the body from the cervical region to the legs. The pacient is wrapped in a sheet and a blanket and is applied a cold compress to prevent increased blood vessel expansion in the brain while the procedure lasts for 30 minutes. After the time expiration mud is removed with warm water at the shower. The procedure ends with a short cod application to prevent vasoplegia produced by the heat. Packaging is made once every two days, alternating with warm general bath with water from the lake or plant extract bath.